© U.S. Department of State
TRUST & SECURITY IN FRAGILE CONTEXTS
16 February 2023
11:00-12:00 (EST) / 16:00-17:00 (GMT)
Associate Dean and Associate Professor
Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution
Dr Juliette Rouge (Shedd) is the Associate Dean and Associate Professor at the Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution, George Mason University. She teaches research and practice methods courses and on terrorism, peacebuilding, media and conflict, extremism, global conflicts, and ideologies. She holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from George Mason University and a BA in Political Science and Psychology from George Washington University. Her research includes work on the relationship of media to conflict, specifically focused on media coverage of terrorism and the role of women in political violence. She is an active practitioner working internationally on peacebuilding in divided communities and developing local leadership capacity.
LTC Ignacio de Jesús Sánchez Adarraga
Former Lieutenant Colonel in the Colombian Armed Forces
Ignacio Sanchez Adarraga is a retired Lieutenant Colonel from the Colombian Army and UH 60 Black Hawk helicopter pilot with 23 years of service. He holds a Military Sciences degree from "General Jose Maria Cordova" Military Cadet School in Bogotá, Colombia and a Master's degree in Citizenship Human Rights, Aeronautical Management and National Security and Defense from the University of Barcelona and the War College in Bogotá, Colombia.
LTC Doug Livermore
Special Forces Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army National Guard
Doug Livermore is a Special Forces Lieutenant Colonel in the Army National Guard serving as the Deputy Commander of Special Operations Detachment - X. He is also the Director of Special Operations, Irregular Warfare, Special Programs, and Sensitive Activities for the Deputy Under Secretary of the Navy. Doug has published works in War on the Rocks, Small Wars Journal, and the Military Times. He is the National Director for External Communications for the Special Forces Association and the Director of Communications with West Point’s Irregular Warfare Initiative. He sits on the Board of Directors for No One Left Behind and the Special Operations Association of America and has played a key role in evacuating Afghan interpreters and their families. Doug earned his undergraduate degree in Military History at West Point and his graduate degree in International Security Affairs from Georgetown University, and excelled in the Army Command and General Staff Officer Course.
Leverhulme Early Career Fellow, LSE LACC
Dr Alexandra Abello Collak is a Fellow at the LSE Latin America and Caribbean Centre (LACC) and Coordinator of the initiative Human Security, Violence Reduction and Security Governance in Cities. Her research focuses on dynamics of urban violence and human insecurity, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean. She has undertaken collaborative and participatory research with urban communities affected by historically high levels of violence and co-developed methodologies to work with particularly affected groups and communities with the aim of improving human security in cities.
Security is a complex, flexible, and often problematic concept closely tied to the purposes and methods through which it is deployed and its accompanying discourses. There are several challenges associated with security, including the use of security as a form of violent protection, competition between the state and non-state armed groups as security providers, and the use of security discourses to legitimise forms of intervention that can put certain population groups at increased risk.
Despite its complexities, it is important to develop a shared understanding of security to facilitate the creation of future expectations, policy and program planning, and identification of social and occupational opportunities, especially among marginalised populations. The meaning of security is highly dependent on context, shaped by factors such as the environment in which an individual lives, the social actors who interpret and give it meaning, the objectives pursued, and prevailing power relationships.
Power relationships can often perpetuate dominant notions of security like control and order, in contrast to more integrated perspectives that view security as the protection of rights, well-being, and access to fundamental goods. However, using security as a form of forceful protection often leads to patterns of violence and human rights violations, resulting in increased insecurity. This highlights the interplay between security and trust and the role that restorative justice processes can play in reducing the risk of renewed of human rights violations or other forms of insecurity.